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April 14, 2011

Trends On Contraception

This is an offshoot from the topic on The Condom. With the subject of artificial contraception on the hotseat nowadays especially for the Philippines, the following are some facts and details regarding the trend of contraceptive use in the US.

a) The Pill is still the most popular contraception being used among women (ages 15-44 years old) in the U.S. (28%) followed by Tubal sterilization (27.1%). The use of male condoms comes third (16.1%). Natural Modern Family Planning is only 0.2% (excluding the so-called Calendar Method).
b) The proportion of women aging 15-44 years old using contraception declined slightly from 64% in 1995 to 62% in 2002, and 2008. The proportion of women using contraceptives who rely on condoms decreased between 1995 and 2006-2008 from 20% to 16%.

c) The Contraception with the highest failure rate as of 2007 is the Cervical Cap with a failure rate of 26% if the woman using it has had a child already (9% if the woman has never had a child). The second highest failure rate is that of the Sponge (20%). Spermicides come in third (18%). Withdrawal has a 4% failure rate. Male Condom use has a 2% failure rate, together with Symptothermal Method (Modern Natural Family Planning Method). Diaphragm has a 9% failure rate. The Pill has a 0.3% failure rate. Post-ovulation Method has a 1% failure rate. This is with the assumption that the users are employing the methods correctly and properly.
d) Contraceptive choices vary markedly with age. For women younger than 30, the pill is the leading method. Among women aged 30and older, more rely on sterilization
(Information are from the Guttmacher Institute and the National Center for Health Statistics)

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